Pepper in bulk is a popular spice that is used for a variety of applications in our everyday lives and is also regarded as a promising industry.
We will provide you with all of the most essential information about pepper in bulk in this article, which will help you not only understand it better but also provide you with a plethora of surprising and beneficial suggestions.

An overview of pepper in bulk

Pepper in bulk is the most traded spice in the world, accounting for more than one-fifth of all imported spices. The majority of pepper comes from Vietnam, India, Indonesia, and Brazil, and is shipped to China, the United States, and Germany.

Different types and features of pepper in bulk

The term “pepper” is used to identify dozens of distinct sorts and varieties of pepper, which come in a range of colors, grades, and quality. It’s even applied to imitations that aren’t pepper. However, it primarily refers to the dried fruit of Piper nigrum, an Indian climbing shrub.

The following are some of the most popular types of pepper in bulk and their features:

  • Black pepper: This is the most used type of pepper in bulk all over the world, accounting for about 20% of the monetary value of the world’s spice trade. 

Black pepper in bulk features

    • Black pepper in bulk begins as green berries on the vine. The spikes are harvested and shriveled by the sun into puckered, dark brownish spheres, which we name “black” pepper in bulk, once the bunch of berries has ripened and the first turn from green to dark red. 
    • The peppers are filtered through mesh screens after drying to segregate them into different sizes and grades. The richer and stronger the flavor, the larger the peppercorn, with the largest peppercorns placed into the highest classes.
    • Black pepper in bulk is mildly spicy, but has the most intense aroma, used to increase the spicy taste and deodorize fishy dishes. Black pepper in bulk also offers many health and beauty benefits, aids weight loss and fights colds. It is also used to treat some stomach problems such as indigestion, flatulence, and constipation.
    • Black pepper in bulk is consumed all over the world and appears in all cuisines. The US is currently the world’s biggest consumer of black pepper in bulk, followed by other nations like China, India, Vietnam…
  • White pepper: Another very famous type of pepper in bulk is white pepper. Unlike its cousin black pepper, white pepper in bulk is made entirely of pepper plant seeds. 

White pepper in bulk features

    • The pepper fruit’s dark brown skin is removed. It is usually collected through a procedure known as retting. Fully ripe red berries are immersed in water for a week, during which time the pepper meat softens and decomposes. 
    • Rubbing separates the outer pepper from the seed, leaving only the seed to dry. Chemical, mechanical, and biological processes could all be utilized as alternatives.
    • The flavor of white pepper in bulk differs significantly from that of black peppercorns. They aren’t as complex as black pepper in bulk and don’t have the same bite, but they do have a floral, more delicate, yet robust, fruity, flowery spiciness with a sense of fermentation from the way they’re processed.
    • White pepper is popular throughout Europe and portions of Asia, despite its lack of popularity in the United States.

How can you produce pepper in bulk?

Both the black and white pepper in bulk come from the fruits of a plant called Piper Nigrum, the Piperaceae family’s perennial climbing vine. 


Process of making pepper in bulk

When the fruits begin to turn red (about 5-10% ripe), they are picked and immersed in hot water for about 10 minutes in order to clean them as well as to prepare them for the drying process. This process, however, would also make the pepper in bulk fruits’ color turn brown or black in 1 hour. 

After that, to make black pepper in bulk, all you need to do is to dry them in the sun for about 3-4 days. White pepper, on the other hand, requires more effort. Depending on the location, the outer covering is first softened by storing the berries in wet heaps for 2 or 3 days or by keeping them in sacks submerged in running water for 7 to 15 days. The softened outer layer is then removed by washing and rubbing or stomping the berries, which are then spread out to dry in the sun. The outer covering of whole white pepper in bulk can also be mechanically ground off. 

Due to the complex production process, white pepper in bulk is usually much more expensive than black pepper. However, if you are a fan of the pungent flavor and a slight taste of spicy, black pepper in bulk should still be your choice.

Wholesale price of pepper in bulk

Black pepper in bulk global wholesale price

In the first month of 2022, black pepper in bulk prices in Vietnam, India, and Brazil declined by 3.5–3.8 percent on average. The prosperity of the Vietnamese market bolstered the rising momentum of international pepper prices after the Lunar New Year break (February 7 to February 15).


Price of black pepper in bulk

  • Brazil: On February 15, the wholesale price of black pepper in bulk in Brazil was 4,050 USD/ton, up 2.5 percent from the end of January but still 1.2 percent below the end of 2021.
  • India: In mid-February, the price of black pepper in bulk in India was $6,993/ton, up 3.3 percent from the end of January but down 0.6 percent from the same time last year.
  • Vietnam: As of February 15, the export price of 500g/l and 550g/l black pepper in bulk at the port of Ho Chi Minh City ranged between $4,150-4,350/ton, up 2.4-2.5 percent (equivalent to 100 USD/ton) from the previous month’s end but 50 USD/ton lower than the end of December 2021.

White pepper in bulk global wholesale price

Compared to black pepper, white pepper in bulk price is much more stable. Since the end of 2021, there has been a steady fall of white pepper’s price in Vietnam and Indonesia, 2 of the world’s biggest white pepper in bulk suppliers. 


Price of white pepper in bulk

  • Vietnam: As the world’s top supplier of white pepper in bulk, Vietnam pepper also currently has the most competitive price, at about $6000 per MT. With this price, you can already have the top quality white pepper in bulk from Vietnam. 
  • Indonesia: In the latest reports, the price for white pepper in bulk in Indonesia is about $6800 per MT (13/5/2022). However, white pepper prices in Indonesia are much more unstable than in Vietnam. For example, 2 weeks ago, the price of white pepper in bulk in Indonesia was $5800, then it increased dramatically to about $7600 after 1 week, then went back to $6800 as of now.
  • Malaysia: The price of white pepper in bulk in Malaysia has always been stable for the past 6 months, around $7400 to $7600 per MT. This is the highest price reported among the 3 nations, and it still has no signs of falling. 

Overview of global market for pepper in bulk

As a businessman, knowing about your market of choice is crucial. Here are some of the world’s top markets for importing and exporting pepper in bulk.

Main importers of pepper in bulk

According to OEC, the total world’s trade of pepper in bulk is $4.1B. The following are top 5 pepper in bulk importing countries:


Top importers of pepper in bulk

Each country imports pepper in bulk for different reasons:

  • The U.S: Because of the expanding need for confectionery and bakery products, as well as the increased use of pepper in beauty products, the United States’ pepper in bulk demand makes it one of the main importers for the pepper in bulk market.
  • China: China’s large pepper in bulk import value is attributable to the country’s population and other exporting operations. Domestic demand for culinary and medical purposes also accounts for a large portion of pepper in bulk imports in China.
  • Germany: the German market demands black pepper in bulk for use in daily dishes and to serve the growing pepper processing industry.
  • Thailand: Domestic use is still the main reason why people in Thailand import pepper in bulk. Furthermore, as a tourism country, Thai cuisines have to meet the needs of tourists from all over the world. Hence, a basic but important spice like pepper in bulk is always needed.

World’s best suppliers of pepper in bulk

Since pepper is known as the “King of Spices,” the world’s top pepper exporting countries include: Vietnam, Brazil, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and India.

  • With a market share of about 45.5 percent, Vietnam was the top exporter of pepper in bulk. Vietnamese pepper has been sold to 105 nations and territories across the globe since 2019. In 2001, Vietnam’s pepper in bulk export turnover was 90 million dollars; by 2018, it had risen to 758.8 million dollars, a 700 percent growth.
  • Brazil has long been known for its black pepper. Brazil’s pepper in bulk is widely sold in the United States, Africa, Asia, and Europe. The United States imported 5.911 MT of Brazilian pepper in 2020, followed by Morocco (5,014), Vietnam (4,323 MT), and Germany (4,091 MT). IN Brazil, pepper in bulk has a geographical advantage in terms of growing: lowlands, adequate rainfall, and a mild winter.

Top exporters of pepper

  • Vietnam, China, and the United States are Indonesia‘s largest pepper in bulk export customers, accounting for half of the country’s total pepper exports. Indonesian pepper in bulk shipments to Vietnam and China fell by 50% and 40% in the first nine months of 2021, respectively. This is to say, to focus on serving the domestic market, Indonesia’s pepper in bulk production and productivity fell.
  • Sri Lanka is a well-known pepper-producing country in South Asia for its high piperine content and natural antioxidant properties. India, Germany, the United States, and Spain are Sri Lanka’s top pepper in bulk export destinations. Due to the preferential treatment for import taxes under SAFTA, India is the major importer of Sri Lankan pepper in bulk.
  • India, the home of spices, has a long history of trading with China. Given its distinct aroma, taste, and medicinal significance, India pepper in bulk is now among the most sought-after worldwide. Spices have traditionally been farmed in India on tiny plots of land using organic farming methods, therefore the supply of Indian pepper in bulk is also quite limited.

Reasons for the dominance of pepper export

There are several reasons contributing to the dominance in exporting pepper in bulk of these countries:

  • A wide growing area is a crucial reason in these countries’ ranking as the world’s top pepper in bulk exporters. Pepper is grown on 148.000 ha in Vietnam and 138.000 ha in India, with 117.900 ha in Indonesia. Sri Lanka and Brazil have smaller pepper in bulk planting areas, with 40.000 and 30.000 ha, respectively.
  • In pepper in bulk exporting countries, natural elements are also essential. Some pepper-exporting countries, such as Vietnam, India, Brazil, and Indonesia, have environmental, land, and climate advantages for growing pepper trees, such as lowlands, adequate rainfall, and mild winters.
  • Furthermore, the pepper in bulk trade between countries has recently been fostered with official help. The EVFTA Agreement, which EU countries signed to reduce tariffs on pepper in bulk, provides a lever for Vietnamese enterprises to export to EU markets, according to the Import-Export department.

Factors affecting price of pepper in bulk

Buyers and sellers in the pepper in bulk market should be aware of the 5 following factors that contribute to a the price of pepper in bulk:

Specifications of pepper in bulk

Like other spices, pepper in bulk also has quality standards that directly affect their price. Some of the specifications that all pepper in bulk buyers must keep an eye on are G/L content, moisture content or piperine content… 

  • G/L (or Gram per Liter) content indicates the density level of pepper in bulk. The higher the G/L, the more pepper “meat” you get and the higher the quality pepper in bulk is. Therefore, the price of pepper would also rise as the G/L content increases.
  • Piperine, the substance that makes up the distinct and pungent flavor of pepper in bulk. Piperine content varies from plant to plant in the Piperaceae family, ranging from 2 percent to 7.4 percent in black and white pepper in bulk vines (piper nigrum). Modifications in cultivation conditions, such as climate or drying conditions, as well as the region of origin, might affect the quantity of piperine present. Usually the piperine content also reflects the quality of pepper in bulk, and high quality peppers are required to have at least 4% piperine.
  • The appearance of pepper in bulk also affects its price. The peppercorns should be a similar color, indicating superior quality and consistency in flavor. Furthermore, darker pepper in bulk tends to have a stronger flavor.

Specifications of black pepper in bulk

Above is an example of several physical and chemical specifications of black pepper in bulk, according to International Food Standards.

Pepper in bulk supply and demand volume

Supply and demand always have an effect on any products’ price, and the same thing goes to wholesale pepper prices.

Pepper in bulk stable sources are largely determined by total pepper production. The harvest season – which varies by country – is when pepper trees produce high quality and quantity products.


Supply volume and price of pepper in top exporting countries

  • According to the current report from the Import-Export Department, the supply of pepper in bulk has been scarce since 2021 due to crop failure in the primary producing countries (Ministry of Industry and Trade).
  • Due to the harvest in the north of the country, Brazil is currently the only country with an increase in supply of pepper in bulk, while other countries are in short supply.
  • Because the news regarding Vietnam’s fresh harvest is not promising, customers may opt to buy more Brazilian pepper in bulk due to lower freight costs. Meanwhile, demand for pepper in India increased as the country’s economy reopened following the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Experts claim that, due to the recent dramatic spike in pepper in bulk prices, farmers and dealers in primary marketplaces have halted sales in the hopes that prices will rise even higher. As a result, the market’s pepper in bulk supply has been impacted.

Logistic charges for pepper in bulk

Shipping payment is critical in selecting whether to purchase agricultural items like pepper in bulk, especially in the phase of Covid pandemic.

  • Since 2021, the covid epidemic has slowed down the economy, resulting in a sharp increase in shipping prices of pepper in bulk. This is because of the lack of shipping routes and lack of containers. 
  • Every exporting country of pepper in bulk has to face this situation, but Asian countries like Vietnam and Indonesia suffer more because these countries are farther from main pepper in bulk importers like America and the EU. For instance, the maritime freight routes from Vietnam to the US and the EU saw the most dramatic and unique increase, with a $1.500 – $2.000 increase every two weeks for a 40-foot container.

Shipment and logistic charges of pepper

  • At the same time, the freight cost from Brazil to the US is only 1/3 of that from Vietnam, and from Brazil to the EU is only 1/10 of that from Vietnam. Therefore, at the moment, Brazilian pepper in bulk is competing very strongly with Vietnamese ones, in terms of price.

Government policies relating the trade of pepper in bulk

Government policies are inextricably linked to a successful pepper in bulk business. For example, businesses benefit from the government’s cooperation in signing the EVFTA because the tariff is abolished to the tune of 99 percent.


Government policies

This fostered the development of the pepper in bulk industry by lowering wholesale pepper prices when exchanged. Viet Nam has become one of the world’s major pepper in bulk exporters as a result of the EVFTA Agreement.

Road to find a reliable pepper in bulk supplier

Finding a reliable supplier is critical for your company to remain competitive and successful. But, with thousands of pepper in bulk providers to choose from, how do we know which one to partner with? So here are some suggestions that may be helpful.

Step 1: Conduct thorough research to compile a list of reputable pepper in bulk suppliers.

Nowadays, finding a reputable pepper in bulk supplier who suits your business is considerably easier with just an online connection. There are numerous search tools and platforms available, but in B2B, it is more typical to:

  • Use Google: reliable websites such as go4WorldBusiness, World’s Top Exports, or the Government Office may provide you with incredible listings of top pepper in bulk providers.
  • Join Facebook groups like Spices Importers & Exporters, BLACK PEPPER COMMUNITY, Spices Market… Because Facebook appears to be a must-have and one of the most significant platforms for many agriculture companies, you can approach a lot of pepper in bulk suppliers and factories from all over the world.
  • A smart suggestion is to join Linkedin groups. There are fewer pepper in bulk suppliers here than on Facebook, but they are more professional. Here are a few well-known Linkedin groups: (1) Spice and herbs traders and professionals; (2) Spices,Herbs,Tea,Coffee,Essential Oil & Oleoresin-FPO,Mfr,Importer & Exporter- # 1 World Group; (3) Spices Export and Import

Step 2: Check the information of the potential pepper in bulk suppliers to avoid the unnecessary risks

  • Look at their websites: Is their content and resources organized professionally? (Pay attention to their About Us section)
  • Check the other details: email, phone number, firm address (Google Maps, Yandex Maps, Baidu Maps), certificate…is everything correct?
  • You can use Google Lens to see if their photographs have been copied from the internet.
  • You may also use an IP checker to see how long these pepper in bulk providers have been on the web (although keep in mind that time on the website is not always synonymous with experience, since many traditional farm enterprises are just getting started with the Internet).

Step 3: Contact the supplier directly

After you have checked and listed out some of the most prestigious pepper in bulk suppliers, it is time to make contacts so that you can get more information about them and how to become their partners.

  • In the modern era, there are multiple tools that you can use to contact them. The most common ways are chatting through website or WhatsApp, emailing, or even calling the pepper in bulk suppliers to get important information like prices, discounts, methods and logistic charges…
  • It is preferable to call or video call the pepper in bulk suppliers to assess their professionalism and reliability.

Step 4: Filter out the most suitable pepper in bulk suppliers

  • Score suppliers using criteria and weights that are important to your business after acquiring the appropriate information.
  • Choose 4-5 possible pepper in bulk providers to continue the conversation with.

Step 5: Improve your agreements by negotiating

  • To get the greatest bargain, negotiate on the following terms: price, discount, product certificate, payment method, and shipping.
  • Choose the top pepper in bulk suppliers to collaborate with (should be 2-3 to avoid the risks)

Top suppliers of pepper in bulk around the world

Choosing reliable pepper in bulk providers helps purchasers in maintaining high-quality supplies. Here are the top three well-known wholesale pepper suppliers to consider:

Olam Food Ingredients

Cocoa, coffee, dairy, almonds, and spices are among OFI’s most well-known raw materials and ingredient platforms. Deep involvement at every stage of the pepper in bulk supply chain can aid in quality control, traceability, and risk management.


Olam Food Ingredients


K-Agriculture is a top pepper in bulk manufacturer in the globe, exporting wholesale pepper to over 100 countries. The company’s motto is “Quality is King,” and it ensures product quality in all conditions. The company’s reputation can be conveyed not only by the established product quality, but also by the ingenious board of directors led by Mr. Daniel Trong Quy.


K-Agriculture, the best pepper supplier in Vietnam

Contact information:



Whatsapp: +84855 555 837

Baria pepper

Baria pepper was founded in 1985 with the goal of using its extensive understanding of both the product and the local market to reach out to more customers both domestically and globally.


Baria Pepper

Baria pepper in bulk has been shipped to the United States, Europe, the Middle East, and other Asian countries. Baria pepper has a significant advantage in managing the quality and pricing of the pepper in bulk due to its strong ties with local farmers.

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    About author Camila Nguyen

    She has 13 years experience in connecting B2B customers around the world and provide best-quality agricultural products from Vietnam to them. She would love to share her knowledge about agricultural products through the blogs. You can contact her on Whatsapp via number: +84 84 4444 867 to get the free consultancy

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