How To Cook Brown Rice: A Complete Introduction


Cooking a pot of rice is an essential and straightforward skill, but cooking brown rice can be a bit more challenging. With its bran intact, the grain takes longer to cook and can be tricky to get just right – chewy but not soggy, tender but not crunchy. However, by mastering a proper recipe and following a few tips, you can achieve perfectly cooked, tender grains. Lets find out how to cook brown rice in our article!

Definition of Brown rice


Definition of Brown rice

The essence of brown rice lies in the fact that only the husk is removed, while it has not undergone any processing or milling in the factory. This helps to maintain the rice’s purity and specific characteristics.

Brown rice is often confused with a type of rice that has undergone preliminary processing, resulting in its brown or black appearance. However, these colors are actually natural and occur when the husk is removed, which gives brown rice its unique characteristics. As a result, brown rice, a popular agricultural product, is frequently used in daily meals in many parts of the world.

Features of brown rice

Regarding color, brown rice typically has a brown or black hue due to the absence of processing in the shelling process, making it easily recognizable to customers.

In terms of scent, brown rice typically lacks a distinct aroma and is often odorless. However, some brown rice varieties may have a pleasant, delicate scent, particularly those made from fragrant rice.


Features of brown rice

As for texture, because the rice has only been husked, it is often harder than white rice. Cooked brown rice may also be harder and drier than white rice. To achieve a softer texture, soaking the rice for 30 minutes to 1 hour before cooking can be helpful.

In terms of nutritional content, removing only the unmilled husk helps to retain the original nutrients in the rice. This makes brown rice a filling option, with half a bowl of brown rice providing a similar satiety level to a full bowl of white rice.

The difference between white rice and brown rice

There are some key distinctions between white rice and brown rice.

Brown rice is harder

Due to the fact that brown rice has only had its husk removed and retains its bran and germ layers, it is typically firmer than white rice. Therefore, to achieve a softer and more tender texture similar to that of white rice, it is recommended to soak brown rice in water for about 30 to 45 minutes before cooking.

The color is different

Brown rice is distinctively different from white rice in terms of color. The name itself signifies that brown rice is brown or sometimes even black. This is due to the fact that brown rice is unprocessed, with the husk still intact, resulting in its rich color. Conversely, white rice is processed and milled, giving it a glossy and white appearance.


white rice and brown rice

Brown rice is less sweet

Milled white rice is known to have a sweeter taste compared to brown rice due to the milling process that removes the bran and germ layers, which can contain bitter compounds. Brown rice, on the other hand, has a nutty flavor and chewy texture due to the presence of these layers. However, some people may find brown rice less palatable due to its natural flavor, especially if they are not used to it.

White rice is more fragrant

Rice that has only been husked may still have impurities around it, which is why brown rice usually has little to no fragrance or aroma. This makes it more difficult to detect any scent compared to regular white rice.

How to cook brown rice

Brown rice comprises the entire grain, which includes the fibrous bran, germ, and endosperm. The bran’s presence makes it take almost twice as long to cook as white rice and gives it a chewy texture. The germ is a source of essential nutrients such as fiber, magnesium, vitamins and minerals. Conversely, white rice has been stripped of the bran and germ, leading to a shorter cooking time, a softer texture, and fewer nutrients than brown rice.


How to cook brown rice

Here is a step-by-step guide to cooking perfect brown rice:

  • Step 1 – Rinse the rice: Before cooking the brown rice, it is important to rinse it first. Rinsing the rice removes any dirt or debris that may be present on the grains. To rinse the rice, place 1 cup of brown rice in a fine-mesh sieve and rinse it for around 30 seconds. During rinsing, it is important to agitate the rice with your fingers to remove any dirt or debris. Once the rice has been rinsed, drain any excess water from the sieve.
  • Step 2 – Measure the water: After rinsing the rice, the next step is to measure the water. In a medium-sized saucepan, add the rinsed brown rice and 2 cups of water. You can also add a pinch of kosher salt to enhance the flavor of the rice. Measuring the water accurately is important as it ensures that the rice is cooked perfectly and is not too dry or too moist.

measure water ratio

  • Step 3 – Simmer the rice: The next step is to simmer the rice. Place the saucepan over medium-high heat and bring the water to a boil. Once the water starts boiling, reduce the heat to low and cover the saucepan with a lid that tightly fits the pot. Let the rice simmer for about 30 minutes until all the water has been absorbed. Simmering the rice over low heat ensures that the rice cooks evenly and absorbs all the water.
  • Step 4 – Remove from heat: Remove the saucepan from the heat when all the water has been absorbed, and then let it there for about 10 minutes with the lid on. This allows the rice to absorb any remaining moisture and ensures that it is cooked evenly. Letting the rice sit also makes it fluffier and easier to serve.
  • Step 5 – Fluff the rice: After 10 minutes, remove the lid and use chopsticks or a ladle to fluff the rice before serving. Fluffing the rice separates the grains and ensures that it is not clumpy. You can also taste the rice at this stage and add more salt if necessary. Brown rice is a healthy and delicious side dish that complements any meal.


How to Rinse Rice to Retain Its Nutrients

To make rice cleaner, many people tend to wash it excessively before cooking. However, over-washing rice can cause the loss of essential nutrients and minerals. It is recommended to wash rice only once and in a gentle manner, allowing dirt and impurities to drift out.

To wash rice, first, pour water into the rice and gently rinse it with your hands while stirring to allow any dust, husk, or grit remaining on the rice grains to drift out. Then, drain the water. When using cold water to cook white rice, the rice grains will expand quickly, and the nutrients in the rice will dissolve in the water. However, when cooking rice with boiling water, the outer layer of the rice grain shrinks and creates a protective coating that helps retain the texture and nutrients of the rice grain for a longer period.

K-Agriculture – leading Vietnamese brown rice supplier

K-Agriculture is one of the leading Vietnamese exporters of agricultural products. Equipped with modern manufacturing facilities, and having long experience in producing and exporting agricultural products, K-Agriculture specializes in producing brown rice and becomes a big supplier of brown rice to many nations, including Africa, the USA, Asia, and the Middle East. The factory not only provides brown rice but also supplies other high-quality rice such as Japonica, ST24, ST25, ST 21 rice, OM504 rice, OM5451 rice, and DT08 rice at reasonable prices.


K-Agriculture – The best brown rice supplier in Vietnam

Contact information:

WhatsApp: +84855555694



In conclusion, cooking brown rice is not as daunting as it may seem. With the right knowledge and techniques, anyone can master the art of cooking this nutritious and flavorful grain. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can achieve perfectly cooked brown rice every time. With these tips, you can enjoy the health benefits and delicious taste of brown rice in your favorite dishes. So go ahead and try out our recipe today!

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    About author Camila Nguyen

    She has 13 years experience in connecting B2B customers around the world and provide best-quality agricultural products from Vietnam to them. She would love to share her knowledge about agricultural products through the blogs. You can contact her on Whatsapp via number: +84 84 4444 867 to get the free consultancy

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    1 year ago

    Thanks for the information!


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