Vietnamese Arabica coffee is one of the most popular and valuable coffees around the world, especially in Europe and North America. This article will provide general information about Vietnamese Arabica coffee compiled by K-Agriculture.
Related: Prestigious wholesale Arabica coffee beans suppliers in the world
Vietnamese Arabica coffee – The overview
Vietnamese Arabica coffee is a high-value coffee plant requiring harsh growing conditions. Then each stage of processing, roasting, preservation, and preparation asks strict compliance to keep the full flavor of the coffee.
Natural conditions for growing Vietnamese Arabica coffee
Vietnamese Arabica coffee needs appropriate natural conditions to bear high-quality cherries. The biggest advantage of Vietnam when growing coffee is that it has a humid tropical monsoon climate suitable for all coffee trees. Besides, the coffee trees need to be grown at an altitude of 900-2000m above sea level, a temperature of 15-24 degrees, and an annual rainfall of about 1200-2200. Therefore, Arabica coffee is only available in certain regions in Vietnam.
Vietnamese Arabica coffee growing area
The amount of Vietnamese Arabica coffee land accounts for only 6% of the total coffee growing area in Vietnam.
The Vietnamese Arabica coffee growing area is concentrated in some areas such as Son La, Dien Bien, Lam Dong, and Quang Tri.
Lam Dong is the largest Vietnamese Arabica coffee growing area. In particular, Arabica Cau Dat has very high quality and is known as the “Queen of Vietnamese coffee”, one of the most delicious Arabica coffees in the world. The first coffee variants grown in Cau Dat such as Yellow Bourbon, Typica are interested and desired by many coffee connoisseurs.
- Natural conditions: Coffee growing area in Cau Dat is about 1,100ha. An altitude of over 1,600m above sea level, along with a cold, foggy climate all year round makes Cau Dat, Da Lat become a paradise for Arabica coffee trees.
- Taste: mild sour taste, bitterness creates elegance, nobility; light brown coffee color like amber creates luxury and charm.
Son La, Dien Bien
- History: Dien Bien and Son La are two provinces with a hundred-year history of growing Arabica coffee. At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the French planted coffee in Dien Bien and Son La, which became a Vietnamese Arabica coffee production area providing important raw materials for the coffee industry in France at the time there.
- Natural conditions: Son La Arabica coffee is grown on slopes at the low mountains’ foot or on hills with altitudes from 900m to 1200m. Son La, Dien Bien coffee-growing area has similar soil as the Sao Paulo region of Brazil. Son La’s climate is rainy and cold so Vietnamese Arabica coffee trees here grow well for high quality. Son La is the second-largest Arabica coffee growing province in Vietnam after Lam Dong with over 20,000 hectares, with an output of 30,000 tons per year. In particular, although not grown in basalt red soil and not at an ideal height as the Central Highlands provinces, Son La has soils in the red-yellow group that is suitable for coffee.
- Target market: Son La coffee products are now well-known in the domestic and foreign markets such as Japan, Taiwan.
- Taste: the smell of fresh chili that cannot be found anywhere else.
For a long time, Vietnamese Arabica coffee growing land in Quang Tri was neglected, but around 2011-2012, Arabica coffee was focused on development. To this day, Quang Tri is famous around the world for its Arabica Khe Sanh specialty coffee.
- Natural conditions: Quang Tri has a tropical monsoon climate, high temperature, lots of light, rain, humidity, which is favorable for coffee cultivation. Quang Tri has about 5,000ha of coffee growing area with an average altitude of 350-500m above sea level.
- Taste: Arabica has a unique chocolate-like aroma and a hint of saltiness, which is only found in Quang Tri coffee.
- Economic profitability: Quang Tri Arabica coffee has high economic value and great development opportunities. In particular, the Khe Sanh Arabica coffee product won the first prize at the “Vietnam Specialty Coffee Contest 2021” organized by the Buon Ma Thuot Coffee Association.
Vietnamese Arabica coffee processing method
Vietnamese Arabica coffee is processed by different methods such as dry, washed or honey coffee process depending on different regions.
- In Lam Dong, to enhance the sweetness of the beans, washed or honey coffee processing methods are prioritized.
- All coffee in Son La is processed by a washed processing method to help ensure the intrinsic quality of coffee beans, resulting in green coffee products with uniform color and quality, so the coffee is always of good quality and high commercial value.
Vietnamese Arabica coffee roasting methods
Depending on each drinkers’ purpose, there are two popular Arabica coffee roasting methods including butter roasted coffee and rustic roasted coffee.
- Rustic roasted coffee is more popular than butter roasted coffee because it is good for health. Rustic roasted coffee will retain the originality and natural aroma, sourness and richer taste than butter roasted coffee because the smell of butter has reduced the inherent flavor of coffee beans. For those, who have heart disease but still drink coffee, they tend to choose diluted rustic roasted coffee to drink. And coffee connoisseurs also choose unsweetened roasted coffee with high Arabica content.
- Butter roasted coffee beans is a roasting technique combined with butter. Vietnamese Arabica coffee beans are more glossy when roasted with butter. Roasted with butter for a more aromatic taste, combined with the pure flavor from the coffee beans will be an impressive taste for drinkers. Butter roasted coffee beans are suitable for the filter method, not for machine brewing.
Vietnamese Arabica coffee preserving method
Coffee aroma is very easy to fade. To preserve the aroma of coffee, it should be stored in a sealed glass jar and used within 1 month after roasting.
Vietnamese Arabica coffee preparing method
Arabica coffee is most popular when making Espresso. To balance the sour and bitter taste in coffee, people often mix Arabica with Robusta. Each blend ratio between Arabica and Robusta coffee will bring a unique taste of coffee.
- The ratio of (Arabica-Robusta):(70-30), coffee will have a balanced taste, mild bitterness, sour aftertaste.
- The ratio of (Arabica-Robusta):(30-70), coffee will have a medium bitter and mild sour taste.
- The ratio of (Arabica-Robusta):(80-20), coffee will have a sour and mildly bitter taste.
Characteristics of Vietnamese Arabica coffee
Vietnamese Arabica coffee has the characteristics to become one of the best quality Arabica coffee in the world.
Standards of Vietnamese Arabica coffee
Vietnamese Arabica coffee beans have a fairly uniform quality. Before being released to the market, they all meet in terms of form and quality.
|Shape||elliptical, wavy groove|
|Moisture||11,5% – 12,5%|
|Caffeine content||0.8 – 1.5%|
Vietnamese Arabica coffee taste
Although Arabica coffee tastes sour, it does not have a totally sour taste. After drinking it, coffee will have a mildly bitter aftertaste.
Vietnamese Arabica coffee aroma
Vietnamese Arabica coffee has a sweet and soft aroma. The aromas of Arabica coffee are also different depending on the climate and farming conditions. It can also have the attractive aromas of floral, fruity, chocolate, honey or the aroma of toasted bread.
Types of Vietnamese Arabica coffee
Moka and Catimor are two popular Vietnamese Arabica coffee. These types of coffee are grown mainly in Cau Dat, Lam Dong – where the best Arabica coffee is grown in Vietnam.
Moka is the most difficult coffee variety to grow, requiring careful husbandry. In Vietnam, Moka is a scarce coffee, always priced higher than other types of coffee.
Moka coffee trees grow and develop at an altitude of 1500m, so they are mainly concentrated in Cau Dat, Lam Dong.
Catimor is a hybrid of Timor’s Hybrid deoxyribonucleic acid with the Caturra. Catimor is a low-growing tree with short branches and the ability to grow thickly. The outstanding advantage of this variety is Hemileia vastatrix.
Catimor has a passionate aroma, slightly sour taste, the export price is twice that of Robusta. Because of the economic benefits, this Vietnamese Arabica coffee variety is now being grown popularly in major coffee regions such as Lam Dong, Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Quang Tri, Nghe An, Son La.
Economic profitability of Vietnamese Arabica coffee
Vietnamese Arabica coffee in the last 7-10 years has been increasingly invested in both quantity and quality, especially in provinces such as Son La, Quang Tri, Lam Dong.
High economic profitability
The price of Arabica coffee in the international market is often double the price of Robusta coffee and in Vietnam is no exception. High demand and high price are great opportunities for Vietnam to enter the Arabica coffee market.
Having a reputation as the country with the second largest coffee export volume in the world, this is both an opportunity and threat of Vietnamese Arabica coffee. The state is aiming to not only promote the cultivation and development of Arabica coffee but also ensure the quality requirements of demanding importing countries such as the EU and the US.
Arabica specialty coffee
Vietnamese specialty coffee beans recognized by international standards are some varieties of Arabica like Specialty Arabica Khe Sanh, marking a major turning point in efforts to develop Vietnam’s coffee industry.
Experts estimate that if Vietnam can bring Arabica specialty coffee to the international market, it will be a competitive coffee product and help Vietnam promote long-term economic development.
Where you can find the Vietnamese Arabica coffee
Vietnamese Arabica coffee is now widely available, and consumers may get it on the internet by searching Google or finding on popular international E-commerce platforms like Amazon or Alibaba. Agricultural trade fairs organized by the government are also a perfect choice if buyers want to buy coffee beans in bulk.
Top Vietnamese Arabica coffee suppliers
The top 3 reputable Vietnamese Arabica coffee suppliers that many coffee connoisseurs believe to buy are recommended below.
K-Agriculture Arabica coffee suppliers
With a 25-year history of delivering Vietnamese agricultural products to the world, K-Agriculture supplies a big amount of Vietnamese Arabica coffee beans with high value to many coffee importing countries such as Germany or South Africa.
Before being imported to international markets, the products are carefully picked by hand and processed by special methods to ensure the quality of each coffee bean.
Phone: +84 855555837
Trung Nguyen Legend Arabica coffee suppliers
Trung Nguyen is a business group producing, processing, and distributing coffee in Vietnam. Founded in 1996, this firm has had a lot of high-quality products and has been presented in more than 60 countries around the world.
Vietnamese Arabica coffee beans of Trung Nguyen Legend have been exported to many different countries in the world and received many good feedbacks.
Whatsapp: +84 855555837
Wscafé Arabica coffee suppliers
Wscafé is a Vietnamese wholesale coffee business that supplies wholesale products and provides best-in-class services.
Deserving to be one of the leading coffee export companies in Vietnam, Vietnamese Arabica coffee of Wscafé has unique tastes that nowhere has.
Whatsapp: +84 855555837