Coffee export is a key agricultural sector of many countries around the world. Coffee export countries are known for their large output and export value, indicating the profitability of the coffee industry.
- 1 General information about coffee export countries you may have ever known
- 2 Top leading coffee export countries
- 3 Ways to buy coffee from coffee export countries
General information about coffee export countries you may have ever known
Coffee export countries often have common characteristics. Those are favorable factors that contribute to boosting exports in both quantity and value to those countries.
Trade activities of coffee export countries
Coffee export countries are countries where they grow, process, and export coffee to international markets.
- Products: Export coffee products can be green beans or roasted beans depending on the strength of those coffee export countries.
- Packaging and storage: Export green coffee is packed in 60kg bags while export roasted coffee is packed in 30kg bags. When transporting, the packaging must be completely sealed, not allowing air to enter, the container must be dry, have a moderate temperature, and tools to dehumidify, limit moist air causing spoilage or mildew.
- Shipping: Coffee is usually shipped by sea or air. However, although the shipping time is 3-4 times longer, marine shipping is still preferred because of the cheaper cost and in good packaging and storage conditions, green coffee has a shelf life of many months while roasted coffee also lasts for 1 month. So, there is no need to be air transported.
Characteristics of coffee export countries
- Supplying coffee in bulk
Every year, the world consumes more than 35 million tons of coffee. So, coffee export countries often sell coffee in large quantities to serve the large world’s demand for coffee.
- Stable production
Coffee exporting countries often have large and stable output to meet the world’s large coffee demand. Because without stable production, coffee export countries cannot maintain their business in this competitive coffee market.
- Having favorable weather conditions
Favorable weather conditions are one of the important conditions for exporting coffee because the production and quality of coffee are directly affected by weather conditions. Also, coffee is a perennial agricultural crop, farmers have to plant for 2-3 years to harvest the fruit. If in these 2-3 years, the weather is not favorable, farmers will have to spend a lot of money growing coffee, the yield will also not be high and the profit will not be much.
- Having processing factories
To ensure the quality of coffee beans after picking, it is necessary to bring the beans to the processing factories as quickly as possible, so all coffee export countries often have coffee processing factories near the cultivation area.
- High-quality products
Because there are favorable conditions for coffee cultivation, coffee products from coffee export countries are always of the highest quality. When coffee has developed in the world, high-quality products are also the competitive advantages of coffee export countries.
Benefits of exporting coffee to other countries
Coffee is the most traded agricultural commodity in the world. Interestingly, more than 2.25 billion cups of coffee are consumed in the world daily. The coffee industry has a significant impact on the global economy with a value of $42.5 billion per year.
However, not all countries have good conditions to produce coffee, so they need coffee exporting countries to supply coffee for all the world. So, exporting coffee brings many benefits to these countries.
- Increase sale revenue
The global coffee market is large and developed, but the opportunities for coffee export countries have never been narrower. Because the demand for daily coffee in the world is increasing due to the convenience of coffee and the cultural transformation from tea to coffee during globalization.
- Higher profit margin
With the trend of more and more coffee drinkers, coffee sales are very large, accompanied by huge profits from coffee exports. More importantly, international buyers may be willing to pay more to match the value of coffee beans.
Top leading coffee export countries
More than 70 countries produce coffee, but most of the global export comes from the top 5 producers: Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Indonesia, and Ethiopia.
Top 5 coffee export countries in terms of export volume
Over the years, the demand for the coffee industry has skyrocketed. Coffee addicts can now drink coffee whenever they step into the kitchen, office, or grocery store. The old java wine bottles at the donut shop have been replaced by premium retail coffee outlets like Starbucks. 500 billion cups are consumed every year and its plants are grown in more than 50 countries. In fact, 25 million people make their living in this industry.
- Brazil – 2,550,720 MT/year
Brazil exports 2,550,720 MT of coffee per year. Over the past 150 years, Brazil has produced the most coffee of any coffee export country in the world, and its total production contains one-third of the world.
In the early 20th century, coffee accounted for 80% of the world’s coffee exports. With more than 10,000 square miles and 22,000 coffee plantations across the country, Brazil has always been a leader among coffee export countries. They are also the world’s largest producer of instant coffee and are controlled by four companies that account for 75% of production, while exports of ground coffee are controlled by more than 1,000 domestic companies.
- Vietnam – 900,000 MT/year
Vietnam ranked second among coffee export countries with an export of 900,000MT of coffee per year. Favorable climate, fertile land, cheap labor, and geographical location in the middle of the Pacific economic region are supporting conditions that promote Vietnam’s coffee exports.
Coffee exports ranked second in total Vietnam’s exports, just behind rice. The distinct texture and raw flavor of Vietnamese coffee set it apart from its competitors, which are often made as a single serving and supplemented with sweetened condensed milk.
- Colombia – 696,000 MT/year
Ranked 3rd in the world in terms of coffee export volume among coffee export countries, Colombia has been a commercial coffee producer since 1830, it exports to Japan, USA, Italy, Germany, and France. In 2007, Colombian coffee was approved by the European Union as a protected origin. UNESCO established the coffee growing area, dubbed the coffee-growing axis including Conchita, Valdez, and is now an important establishment for the Colombian coffee experience.
- Indonesia – 411,000 MT/year
Due to the ideal climate and low production costs, coffee remains an integral part of their economics. The country exports up to 270,000 tons a year worldwide and more than 20 varieties are grown. Known for their strong body and low acidity, Indonesia’s Arabica beans are often used with East African and Central American coffees, which tend to be more acidic than other coffee export countries.
- Ethiopia – 390,000 MT
Being the original home of the Coffea Arabica coffee, Ethiopia has been credited as early as the 1600s in the java coffee trade. 390,000 MT of coffee production per year shows that Ethiopia still faces many difficulties in the application of technology in coffee farming to improve productivity compared to other coffee export countries. In contrast, the quality of Ethiopian coffee is undeniable. With 3 main varieties grown – Shortberry, Mocha, and Longberry – the flavor of Ethiopian coffee varies from region to region.
Top 5 coffee export countries in terms of export value
The large coffee export volume does not mean that export value is also high for various reasons such as low coffee quality, low exchange rate difference, large domestic demand, etc. In which, Brazil ranks first in both output and value.
- Brazil: US$5 billion (15.9% of total coffee exports)
Brazil’s coffee export value is up to 5 billion dollars per year because the output is always at the highest position among coffee export countries and mainly exported to the international market instead of domestic consumption.
- Switzerland: $2.9 billion (9.1%)
As one of the leading European coffee export countries in importing raw coffee, processing, and exporting finished coffee. With modern processing technology, strict preservation, and short shelf life, exported roasted coffee has more value than green coffee beans. Therefore, although Switzerland does not grow coffee, its export value ranks second in the world, above both Colombia and Vietnam.
- Germany: $2.6 billion (8.2%)
Similar to Switzerland, Germany is also home to many giant coffee roasters, because both the domestic demand and the export demand of Germany are very large. Therefore, the large export value of roasted coffee has brought Germany to the third position in the ranking of coffee export value among coffee export countries.
- Colombia: $2.5 billion (8%)
Ranked 3rd in the world in terms of coffee export volume and 4th in the world in value among coffee export countries, Colombia has confirmed the position and stability of a coffee export country. Colombian coffee is always appreciated, in which Colombian Arabica always has the highest price (according to ICO) compared to other types of coffee.
- Vietnam: $2.3 billion (7.5%)
Although Vietnam is the second-largest coffee exporter among coffee export countries, Vietnam ranks fifth in coffee export value. Vietnam mainly exports Robusta coffee (90% of total export), in which the price of Robusta coffee in the international market is only half of Arabica coffee because Robusta is easy to grow, adapt to the weather, and has a higher yield than Arabica.
Ways to buy coffee from coffee export countries
In the era of globalization, coffee exports are promoted more than ever before. Therefore, buying coffee from coffee export countries becomes a lot easier.
- Buy coffee online from coffee export countries
Although thousands of kilometers apart, buyers can still buy coffee from coffee export countries via Google or multinational e-commerce platforms such as Amazon and Alibaba. By searching for the type of coffee they want, sitting at home, and ordering, buyers can enjoy coffee from all over the world. K-Agriculture is also one of the leading Vietnam coffee exporters, that you can visit the website https://k-agriculture.com/ or contact me at Whatsapp: +84 855555837
- Directly buy coffee from coffee export countries at supermarkets and coffee dealers
To meet the demand, supermarkets and coffee dealers display famous coffee products from all over the world. For example, in Starbucks chain stores, most of Starbucks coffee originates from Africa, with premium coffee beans. Therefore, when drinking Starbucks, drinkers will enjoy coffee from Africa.
- Buy coffee from coffee export countries at international agricultural fairs
For coffee buyers in bulk, traditional international agricultural fairs are a place to learn, exchange and experience coffee products from all over the world, as well as negotiate and sell suitable coffee from wholesale coffee suppliers.