7 Interesting Differences Between Brown Rice Vs White Rice


You may heard about brown rice and white rice. People have many criteria for rice classification such as grain length or its properties. However, rice can be categorized based on the processing method, including brown rice and white rice. There are many distinct differences between brown rice vs white rice.

What is brown rice?

In order to preserve the rice’s purity and distinctive qualities, brown rice has just had the husk removed and has not been processed or milled in a machine. A common misconception about brown rice is that it is a variety of rice that has undergone initial processing, giving it its brown or black color.


What is brown rice?

However, when the husk is removed, these colors become completely natural, giving brown rice its characteristic appearance that is used in many parts of the world in regular meals.

What is white rice?

Due to the removal of the husk, bran, and germ during preparation, white rice is frequently referred to as fully polished or refined rice. Much of the nutrients found in the rice grain are lost during this milling and polishing process. White rice has a longer shelf life than brown rice and paddy, while this technique also reduces the growth of dangerous germs and insects.


What is white rice?

Comparison between brown rice vs white rice

The following table is a short summary of the comparison between brown rice vs white rice, depending on 5 criteria.

Brown rice White rice
Way of processing Removing only the husk Removing both the husk and the bran
Nutrition More nutritious because of the high content of vitamins, fiber, and minerals. Less nutritious because of the low content of vitamins, fiber, and minerals.
Texture Chewier Less chewy
Shelf life 6 months 10 years
Price $1.99/ pound $0.71/ pound



Comparison between brown and white rice

Nutrition facts about brown rice and white rice

The two most widely consumed types of rice are brown rice and white rice. Due to its increased vitamin content, brown rice is frequently regarded as a healthier alternative to white rice, whereas white rice is chosen for its flavor and variety in cooking.

The nutritional value of brown rice and white rice will be compared and contrasted, with an emphasis on the similarities and differences in terms of calories, carbohydrates, fiber, protein, and other crucial vitamins and minerals. We can determine which choice is ideal for our general health and well-being by comparing the nutrition information of these two varieties of rice.

Nutrition of brown rice

According to research, brown rice contains more magnesium than white rice. Brown rice contains higher amounts of magnesium and fiber, all of which have been associated with lowered blood sugar levels and a lower risk of type 2 diabetes.

Yet, due to its high glycemic index, excessive consumption of white rice has been linked to an increased risk of developing diabetes (GI). Brown rice has a glycemic index (GI) of about 50, whereas white rice has a GI of about 89, which causes white rice to raise blood sugar levels more quickly than brown rice.


Nutrition of brown rice

Brown rice easily defeats white rice in terms of fiber content. When compared to the same amount of cooked white rice, a dish of brown rice has four times the amount of fiber. Many health benefits of brown rice result from this difference in fiber content, including better digestion, reduced cholesterol levels, and better hunger management. You may increase your fiber intake and take advantage of the many health advantages of brown rice by choosing it over white rice.

Nutrition of white rice

White rice contains more calories and less fiber per serving than brown rice (242 calories per cooked cup). It contains a lot of carbs, which can give the body energy, support immune system health, control blood pressure, and promote muscular building.


Nutrition of white rice

White rice continues to be more popular with customers despite having more health advantages than brown rice because of its sweet flavor and delicate texture. White rice is more enticing to many people because it has long been a main ingredient in traditional cuisines. The majority of customers still opt to include white rice in their regular meals, despite the health benefits of brown rice.


Normally, the price of brown rice is higher than that of white rice. While a pound of brown rice costs $1.99, while it costs $0.71 per pound of white rice. There are several reasons explaining the difference in the price of the two rice types.


The price of brown rice is higher than that of white rice

  • Firstly, compared to brown rice, the production scale of white rice is much larger. As a result, it is cheaper to manufacture white rice than brown rice.  
  • Secondly, the shelf life of brown rice is much shorter than that of white rice. Brown rice is best used in around 6 months because its bran contains less oil. To preserve the quality of brown rice, more resources are required such as airtight containers and modern equipment during production, storage, and delivery. 
  • Lastly, the high price of brown rice results from its richness of nutrition. The number of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients included in a cup of brown rice is much higher than that in its counterpart. Therefore, white rice is sold at a lower price than brown rice. 

Additional differences between brown rice vs white rice

Apart from the above, there are many aspects to distinguish brown rice from white rice, which are appearance and health benefits. 



Difference in appearance between brown rice and white rice

Brown rice is a result of removing only the husk – the outer part of a grain. The rice retains the bran and the inside kernel, which contain a great number of minerals, vitamins, and fiber. These layers make rice grains brown.

On the other hand, white rice is the most common rice type. Rice grains will be well-milled, in which the husk and the bran are removed. Therefore, the rice grain has a white color. 

Health benefits

According to the U.S Department of Agriculture National Nutrient Database, both brown rice and white rice are beneficial to human well-being. 

Brown rice contains a high content of antioxidants and fiber, and low calories (218 calories per cup after cooking). In addition, the amount of minerals and vitamins in brown rice is considerably high. As a result, eating brown rice can help to:

  • Control weight
  • Prevent chronic diseases and heart attack
  • Reduce the level of cholesterol and the blood pressure
  • Lower the risk of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes

Read more: Is Brown Rice Good For You?


Difference in health benefit between brown rice and white rice

White rice, in contrast, is low in fiber content and higher in calories (242 calories per cup after cooking). The rice also contains a considerable amount of carbohydrates. Hence, white rice helps people to:

  • Provide energy
  • Improve the immune system
  • Control the blood pressure
  • Boost muscle growth

Which one is healthier?

To determine which type of rice is healthier for you, compare the nutritional data for brown and white varieties and we can draw some conclusions. The possible harmful effects that routinely consumed white rice can have on human health are not widely known. White rice has been connected to weight gain despite being a good source of energy because it causes the body to turn too much glucose into fat acids. Also, it has a low amount of fiber, which may lead to constipation and stomach issues, and a high glycemic index, which may elevate blood sugar levels, especially in people with type 2 diabetes.


Which one is healthier?

Brown rice, on the other hand, is a healthier option because it has more fiber and a lower glycemic index. The anti-obesity properties of brown rice may be attributable to the fact that it contains four times as much dietary fiber as white rice, including prebiotic fiber types that encourage the growth of our good bacteria. That’s the reason why brown rice is incorporated into a weight-loss diet. As brown rice is milled into white rice, numerous vitamins, minerals, and phytonutrients like gamma oryzanol are also lost. These nutrients may help people change their preferences for healthier meals.

If you are looking for a distributor of brown rice and white rice, please contact K-Agriculture Factory. We are affirming to provide the best quality, useful consultation, reasonable prices, and professional delivery.  The factory not only provides brown rice but also supplies other high-quality rice such as Japonica, ST24, ST25, ST 21 rice, OM504 rice, OM5451 rice, and DT08 rice at reasonable prices.

For further information, please visit the website or WhatsApp +84855555837 (Ms Kris)


K-Agriculture Factory

Overall, with so many possibilities, selecting the right sort of rice can be challenging. Although they have different nutritional profiles, brown rice and white rice are two of the most popular types of rice. Comparing the nutritional qualities of brown rice and white rice will assist you in making wise dietary selections.  We hope you find our article informative and useful!

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    About author Camila Nguyen

    She has 13 years experience in connecting B2B customers around the world and provide best-quality agricultural products from Vietnam to them. She would love to share her knowledge about agricultural products through the blogs. You can contact her on Whatsapp via number: +84 84 4444 867 to get the free consultancy

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