5 Facts about black pepper in Indonesia

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Indonesia is one of the top 4 black pepper exporting countries in the world. Most black pepper in Indonesia comes from the Lampung region, which has excellent climatic and soil conditions for pepper growth. Let’s learn about black pepper in Indonesia with K-Agriculture Factory through this article!

Black pepper in Indonesia: Overview

Pepper is a popular spice in Indonesia. This spice is widely used to give meals a spicy flavor. Not only in Indonesian cuisine but also in eastern meals, pepper is frequently used as a condiment, especially in spicy dishes. There are four types of pepper: white pepper, black pepper, green pepper, and red pepper. Each type of pepper is processed differently and the taste is not the same.


Black pepper in Indonesia: Overview

Black pepper in Indonesia is the most popular type of pepper. Typically, this spice is applied at the end of the cooking process. The use of black pepper in cooking imparts a slightly spicy flavor. The smell of the dish also gets more fragrant and delectable. In terms of production, black pepper is created from fruit that is not quite ripe but contains sufficient substance. The harvest is then sun-dried to remove the skin. An oxidation reaction occurs during the process, turning the green color black. Black pepper has a strong spicy flavor as a result of this processing.

Black pepper in Indonesia: Production

Indonesia is one of the world’s leading pepper exporting countries, and they mainly export pepper in the form of whole grain. A limited amount of pepper exported is in the form of ground and oil. According to Agriculture Ministry data, Indonesian pepper production reached 88,160 tons in 2012, up 1.23% from 87,089 tons in 2011.


Black pepper in Indonesia: Production

Lampung province is a major producer of black pepper in Indonesia, and its Lampong Black Pepper has been popular since the 16th century. Bangka Belitung Islands province, on the other hand, is the largest producer of Muntok White Pepper.
Aceh, Jambi, West Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, West Nusa Tenggara, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, South Sumatra, North Sumatra, and Yogyakarta also produce black pepper in Indonesia.
The Lampung region is predicted to provide nearly 50% of the production of black pepper in Indonesia in 2023. Lampung pepper is one of Indonesia’s most distinctive black pepper varieties.

The main market for black pepper in Indonesia

US: In the first month of 2022, the U.S. continued to import black pepper in Indonesia with a volume of 6,790 tons, valued at USD 33.2 million, up 3.4% in volume and 59.5% in value compared to the same period last year, according to statistics from the US International Trade Commission (USITC DataWeb).


The main market for black pepper in Indonesia

The price of black pepper in Indonesia imported into the United States in January averaged USD 4,888 per ton, up 54.3% over the same period the previous year and about 25% higher than domestic black pepper price. Despite the steep increase in pepper prices, U.S. imports of black pepper in Indonesia continued to rise, indicating that demand for pepper in this market had recovered from the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.
UK: After Germany, the United Kingdom is Europe’s second-largest importer and consumer of pepper. In recent years, the UK’s imports of black pepper in Indonesia have ranged between 13,000 and 13,600 tons per year.
India: India’s total imports of black pepper climbed by roughly 40% in 2021, hitting 38,000 tons. The reason for this increase is that India is increasing its import of black pepper in Indonesia, which totaled 1,860 tons in the first month of the year, representing a growth of about 56% over the same period in 2021 and accounting for nearly 50% of total pepper imports to India. Besides Indonesia, most of the black pepper imported into India was from Vietnam.

Please contact K-Agriculture Factory at +84 8555 555 094 (WhatsApp) to import black pepper from Vietnam.

A taste test of black pepper in Indonesia

We are going to expose you to three different types of black pepper in Indonesia for black pepper’s taste test: Sarawak pepper, Lampung pepper, and Java long pepper.

Sarawak pepper

Sarawak pepper is one type of black pepper in Indonesia that is grown in Borneo and is a superb type with similarities to Vietnamese and Kampot pepper. This is a great all-purpose black pepper in Indonesia that is significantly less expensive than true Kampot pepper but still has the refreshing minty and eucalyptus undertones that are characteristic of Southeast Asian peppercorns.


Sarawak pepper

Lampung pepper

Lampung pepper is a well-known type of black pepper in Indonesia for its fiery pungency, flavor, and scent. They are little, have a fruity flavor, and are sharp on the tip of the tongue. The dark shiny matt kernels look lovely in a pepper mill.


Lampung pepper

Lampung is home to around 29.000 farmers of black pepper in Indonesia. Smallholders with land parcels ranging from 0.2 to 1.5 hectares. They are not as huge as a football field on average. Farmer cooperatives possess a larger tract of land, up to 10 hectares.
Rubber, cassava, and palm oil are also harvested in addition to pepper. Pepper is viewed as a complementary crop to coffee (Northern Lampung) or cassava/tapioca (Eastern Lampung).

Java long pepper

Java long pepper (also known as pippali, jaborand pepper, and bengali pepper) has a eucalyptus/ginger flavor, is slightly sweeter, has a deeper flavor, and is sharper than regular black pepper in Indonesia.
It was commonly utilized in the past, but as black pepper in Indonesia became more popular and easier and cheaper to grow, Java Pepper has become increasingly scarce.


Java long pepper

Long pepper has dry wood scents with powerful eucalyptus flavors in the mouth and is great with red meat in particular, as well as holding its own in intensely flavored meals such as a curry or a tagine.

Top black pepper suppliers in Indonesia

Below are the top 3 suppliers of black pepper in Indonesia.

Agrio Spice

Agrio Seasoning is a supplier, manufacturer, and exporter of black pepper in Indonesia. They supply cloves, vanilla beans, nutmeg, mace, cassia cinnamon, taro leaves, tamarind, turmeric, ginger, betelnut, and a variety of other Indonesian spices selected after stringent quality control. With quality, honesty, devotion, and expert handling, they represent their customers as their best wholesale black pepper export.


AGRIM is a leading supplier of black pepper in Indonesia. They are currently involved in the procurement, processing, trading, and supply of numerous agricultural commodities. Over time, they have gained extensive knowledge and competence in regional products, which has aided the company in developing an international customer base. AGRIM has offices in Singapore, Indonesia, and India. AGRIM is now a leading exporter of black pepper in Indonesia, as well as other spices from Medan and Surabaya. They have their own processing facility and export various spices cultivated in Indonesia such as CLOVES, NUTMEG, MACE, CLOVE STEM, LONG PEPPER, and so on.


Top black pepper suppliers in Indonesia

Another division of AGRIM is involved in the import, storage, sale, and trading of animal and poultry feeds such as corn, corn gluten meal, wheat, soybean meal, canola meal, sunflower meal, and a variety of other items sourced from all over the world, including South East Asia, the Middle East, and the Americas. This global supplier network has provided AGRIM a tremendous boost, and the company now takes satisfaction in supplying quality and assured products to regional feed factories as well as international consumers.

AKO The Spice Company

AKA The Spice Company is a leading supplier of black pepper in Indonesia. They import several hundred containers and lorry loads of raw spices each year as an owner-run import trading firm and raw spice processor.
They serve European spice compound makers, whole-sales, spice packers, and distinguished food operations as a B2B firm.

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